21st EV History with Pictures

21st EV History with Pictures – The development of electric cars began to find its rhythm in the eighteenth century. The discovery of the concept of electricity and the concept of magnetism by some physicists have made it appear that a vehicle can run only on electric power. The 19th and 20th centuries are the benchmarks that in the following centuries, electric cars will be able to replace internal combustion cars, both gasoline and diesel fuel.

21st EV History with Pictures

2003 to 2012 Martin Eberhard commissions AC Propulsion to convert a tZero to run on lithium-ion batteries. The resulting supercar accelerates from 0 to 60 in 3.6 sec and has a range of 300 mi. Eberhard encourages AC Propulsion to produce the car, but they decline. Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning incorporate Tesla Motors to commercialize the tZero themselves. Elon Musk is brought on as an investor, and JB Straubel is hired as CTO. On July 19, 2006, the Tesla Roadster is revealed, with a 0 to 60 time of 3.9 sec and a range of 244 mi, for a base price of $109,000. In February 2008, the first Roadster is delivered. Over the next five years, 2,450 Roadsters are produced and sold.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Roadster.

2010 There are more than 1 billion cars on the road worldwide.
2010 Nissan releases the Nissan LEAF, an electric hatchback. As of 2020, it has a range of 149 mi (twice the range it had originally) and starts at $31,600. Since 2019, a PLUS model has been offered with a range of 226 mi starting at $38,200.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Nissan LEAF.

2012 Tesla releases the Tesla Model S. As of 2020, it has a maximum range of 391 mi (the longest range of any production EV in history, by far), a minimum 0 to 60 time of 2.3 sec (the fastest 0 to 60 time of any production sedan of any kind), and a starting price of $74,990.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Model S.

2012 BMW conducts a limited trial of the BMW ActiveE, an electric retrofit of the 1 Series coupe. Per is of 1,100 testers. In 2013, BMW applies the lessons learned from the ActiveE to produce the BMW i3. As of 2020, it has a range of 153 mi and starts at $44,450.

21st EV History with Pictures
The BMW i3.

2013 Fiat releases the Fiat 500e. As of 2020, it has a range of 84 mi and a starting price of $33,460. A new version with a range of 199 mi will be available soon.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Fiat 500e.

2013 Smart releases the Smart Fortwo EV. As of 2020, it has a range of 58 mi and a starting price of $24,550. Tesla helped develop an earlier version of the Smart EV, and Elon Musk credits the revenue and credibility that came from that partnership as having been essential to the continued success of Tesla.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Smart Fortwo EV.

2014 Volkswagen releases the Volkswagen e-Golf. As of 2020, it has a range of 125 mi and starts at $31,895, but was quietly cancelled for the 2020 model year in the United States, so its future is uncertain.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Volkswagen e-Golf.

2014 Kia releases the Kia Soul EV. As of 2020, it has a range of 243 mi (more than double the range of the previous year’s model) and a starting price of $33,950.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Kia Soul EV.

2015 Tesla releases the Tesla Model X. As of 2020, it has a maximum range of 351 mi, a minimum 0 to 60 time of 2.6 sec, and starting price of $79,990. It features an optional Bioweapon Defense Mode which Tesla claims will allow you to “literally survive a military grade bio attack by sitting in your car,” while also “clean[ing] the air outside your car, making things better for those around you.”

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Model X.

2016 Chevy releases the Chevy Bolt. As of 2020, it has a range of 259 mi and starts at $37,495. The Bolt has several interesting energy management features such as showing you a range of possible ranges based on your driving, rather than just a single number, and letting you know how the terrain and outside temperature, as well as your driving technique and your use of climate control, are impacting your efficiency.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Chevy Bolt.

2016 Tesla announces the Model 3. As of 2020, it has a maximum range of 322 mi, a minimum 0 to 60 time of 3.2 sec, and a starting price of $37,990.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Model 3.

2016 Hyundai releases the Hyundai Ioniq Electric. As of 2020, it has a range of 170 mi and a starting price of $33,045. The Ioniq is unique in that it is the first car that can be bought with one of three different drivetrains: hybrid, plug-in hybrid, or all-electric. 

21st EV History with Pictures
The Hyundai Ioniq Electric.

2017 Tesla announces a new version of the Roadster, with a range of 620 mi, a 0 to 60 time of 1.9 sec, and a maximum speed of over 250 mph. The base model costs $200,000. Production is expected to begin in 2021. Assuming the 1.9-sec time holds, it will be the fastest accelerating production car in the world.

21st EV History with Pictures
The New Tesla Roadster.

2018 Jaguar releases the Jaguar I-PACE. As of 2020, it has a range of 234 mi and a starting price of $69,850. Similar to Teslas, the I-PACE gets occasional software updates that improve range and performance, allowing for the cars to actually improve as they age.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Jaguar I-PACE.

2018 Hyundai releases the Hyundai Kona EV. As of 2020, it has a range of 258 mi and a starting price of $37,190.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Hyundai Kona EV.

2018 Volkswagen’s electric I.D. R. racing car sets a record time of 7 min, 57.148 sec up the Pikes Peak Hill Climb racecourse. This is the first time a car has traversed the course in less than 8 min, and is an overall record for both gasoline and electric vehicles. 

21st EV History with Pictures
The Volkswagen I.D. R.

2019 Tesla announces the Tesla Model Y, with a maximum range of 316 mi and a starting price of $52,990. Deliveries begin in 2020. Although similar to the Model 3 in many ways, the larger Model Y has a more efficient climate control system which uses a heat pump instead of electric resistance heating.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Model Y.

2019 Audi releases the Audi e-tron. As of 2020, it has a range of 204 mi and a starting price of $74,800. Similar to other Audis, the top-of-the-line model features massage seats.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Audi e-tron.

2019 Porsche releases the Porsche Taycan. As of 2020, it has a range of 201 mi and a starting price of $103,800. At 800 V, the voltage of the Taycan battery is twice the voltage of most other EVs, which translates into a corresponding decrease in the current required for both charging and operation.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Porsche Taycan.

2019 Kia releases the Kia Niro EV. As of 2020, it has a range of 239 mi and starts at $38,500. The Niro is equipped with a Coasting Guide Control system that advises the driver on the optimal time to take their foot off the accelerator in order to maximize regenerative braking and extend range.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Kia Niro EV

2019 Tesla announces the Tesla Cybertruck, with a maximum range of over 500 mi, a minimum 0 to 60 time of less than 2.9 sec, a maximum towing capacity of more than 14,000 lb, and a starting price of $39,900. Production is expected to begin in 2021.

21st EV History with Pictures
The Tesla Cybertruck.

2020 and Beyond For what might happen in the future of electric vehicles.

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