Difference Between Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Cars – At first glance, they look the same but they are different. Let’s get to know the difference between a hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric cars, to their availability in the market.
The need for environmentally friendly cars can no longer be avoided. Along with the times, car manufacturers are also competing to present a variety of environmentally friendly cars. Of all those available on the market, environmentally friendly car technology can be divided into three types, namely hybrid cars, plug-in hybrids to electric cars.
Difference Between Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Cars
The three technologies offer different efficiency and performance. To know more, CARRO Indonesia will present information about the differences between hybrid cars, plug-in hybrids and electric cars. The goal is for you to be more educated and start considering using this environmentally friendly car.
As the name implies, hybrid technology offers two sources of power in one car. Hybrid technology uses a combination of an electric motor powered by a battery and a conventional engine (petrol or diesel). This type of car can run using only electric motors, conventional engines or a combination of both.
How it works electric motors and conventional machines can be made alternately or work simultaneously to drive the wheels of the car. However, in hybrids, the battery capacity is relatively small and the power can be recharged automatically when a conventional engine or electric motor works until braking.
Hybrid technology was first applied to the Toyota Prius in 1997. This technology is also the basis for the development of the next technology, namely plug-in hybrid. Hybrid cars available on the market are the Toyota Corolla Cross, Altis Hybrid, Camry Hybrid, and Alphard Hybrid.
Plug-in hybrid technology
Basically, the way plug-in hybrids work is similar to hybrids. The difference lies in the larger battery capacity. So that this technology allows the car to run only by using power from the battery with a long enough range. With a full battery capacity, a plug-in hybrid car can run between 30 to 80 kilometers without having to activate the conventional engine.
In addition, due to the large capacity of the battery, plug-in hybrid technology also requires the battery to be recharged manually. The trick is to plug it in to a power source that has been provided, such as a charging station or even your home’s electricity, but by using a special converter.
Now, plug-in hybrid cars are a favorite in many countries, including Indonesia. One example is the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Toyota Prius PHEV to the BMW i8. Support for charging stations is also getting more and more spread in various regions in Indonesia.
As the name suggests, electric cars only rely on electrical energy supplied from batteries. The battery used is also very diverse incapacity. Not only that, electric cars can use configurations of two or more electric motors. This will greatly affect the performance and range of the distance.
Charging time will also be greatly influenced by the capacity of the battery. The larger the battery capacity, the longer it takes to charge. However, some electric car manufacturers also provide it with fast charging technology which makes charging time faster.
Because it takes time to recharge, new driving habits are needed, especially for long distances. So it is very important for potential consumers to choose an electric car that suits their needs. Not only that, when traveling long distances, it requires more mature travel planning and management.
In the market, the availability of electric cars is more and more affordable. You can choose premium brands such as Tesla, Porsche Taycan to Audi e-tron to affordable ones such as Hyundai Kona Electric & Ionic to MINI Cooper SE.