Chevrolet Bolt EV
Know What the Chevrolet Bolt EV Looks Like – Chevrolet Bolt or Chevrolet Bolt EV we know as a five-door electric small hatchback with a front motor marketed by Chevrolet; This electric car goes through development and production in partnership with LG Corporation.
The resized European variant is sold as the Opel Ampera-e in mainland Europe. But after Opel and Vauxhall were sold to the PSA Group (now part of Stellantis) in 2017, shipments to Europe were limited to below-demand levels. With this condition some customers gave up on the price increase and the waiting time was almost two years. Even more surprising, Opel even told dealers to stop taking orders because there were too many of them.
The official replacement is the 2020 Opel Corsa-e, which features a smaller battery and is based on the platform and powertrain from PSA (also used in the Peugeot e208), not GM / LG. As some customers switch to private imports, there are a number of Plugs bearing the Chevrolet (not Opels) badge in Europe. All Bolt EV / Ampera-e are left hand drive, the car never appears under the Vauxhall or Holden signage.
As of the 2020 model year, the Bolt has an EPA electric range of 259 miles (417 km). This range is up from 238 miles (383 km) for the 2017-2019 model years. Meanwhile, the EPA’s fuel economy rating is 119 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (mpg-e) (2.0 L / 100 km) for combined city / highway driving. Ampera-e Europe, has a certified range of 320 miles (520 km) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) and 240 miles (380 km) under the more stringent Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP).
Production for the 2017 model year began in November 2016. The European version went into production in February 2017. US sales began in California in December 2016, with a national US and Canadian release in 2017.
At its introduction, Bolt was named 2017 Motorcycle Trend Car of the Year, 2017 North American Car of the Year, and 2017 All Star Car Magazine – and was listed in Time Magazine’s 25 Best Inventions of 2016.
GM Korea began developing the Bolt in 2012 with a team of 180 people with the project code G2KCZ, which means “G2 for the second generation platform Gamma, K for hatchbacks, C for Chevrolet, and Z for electric cars”. The concept originally debuted at the 2015 North American International Auto Show.
As of June 2015, General Motors tested more than 50 handcrafted Bolt prototypes at General Motors Proving Grounds in Milford, Michigan. The cars are tested at the proving ground and locations overseas for driving and handling dynamics, cabin comfort, quietness, charging capability and energy efficiency.
Alan Batey, head of General Motors North America, announced in February 2015 that the Bolt EV would be in production, and would be available in all 50 states. GM also has plans to sell Bolt in certain global markets.
In January 2016, at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, a production version of the Chevrolet Bolt was launched. At the event, during GM CEO Mary Barra’s keynote, Chevrolet confirmed an estimated range of 200 miles (320 km) or more, about US $ 30,000 in price after government incentives, and stated it would be available by the end of 2016. Barra projects in February 2016 that a European version , which is marketed as the Opel Ampera-e (or Vauxhall Ampera-e in the UK if also right-driven), will go into production in 2017.
In March 2016, GM released a pre-production photo and short video of Bolt at the company’s Orion Assembly plant outside Detroit, testing manufacturing and tooling. The user interface of the car was developed in Israel.
The Bolt battery uses a “nickel-rich lithium-ion” chemical, which allows the cells to run at higher temperatures than those in previous GM electric vehicles, enabling a simpler and cheaper liquid cooling system for the 60 kWh (220 MJ) battery. . The battery pack is a pressurized piece and weighs 960 lb (440 kg). It accounts for 23% of the car value, and consists of 288 flat “landscape” format cells. Cells are bundled into groups of three connected in parallel, and 96 groups connected in series make up the package, which is rated for peak power of 160 kW. GM offers a battery warranty of 8 years / 100,000 miles (160,000 km), and has no plans for other battery sizes.
In October 2015, General Motors said it would buy Bolt battery cells for $ 145 per kilowatt hour from LG Chem, representing a minimum revenue of $ 8,700 per car. The price was reportedly $ 100 per kWh less than the price LG was giving other customers at the time. GM estimates a cell price of $ 130 / kWh in December 2016.
All Bolt models support standard SAE EV charger plugs, at Level 1 or Level 2 (AC). The factory option supports Level 3 (fast DC) charging with the SAE Combo DC system. A Level 1 portable charging adapter is included with each Bolt, stored in a special compartment under the floor of the hatchback. It is UL Listed to operate at 120 VAC in the US market but capable of operating at 240 VAC.
A Level 1 (110 VAC) charge is approximately 1 kW and adds 3–5 miles (5–8 km) of range per charge hour. Level 2 (240 VAC) charging supplies up to 7.2 kW and adds 20–30 miles (30–50 km) of charge per hour. Charging level 3 with the factory-selected 55 kW SAE Combo DC fast-charge system can add a range of 150 miles (240 km) per hour. The Bolt user manual recommends fast charging to only 80% charge to ensure consistent 50 kW charge. The fast charge rate drops to 38 kW with 56% charge and returns to 24 kW with 68% charge. Above 85%, the charging rate varies from 16 kW to 0 kW.