Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Bigger Battery for Consumers 2022

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Bigger Battery for Consumers 2022 – Volvo is giving the plug-in hybrid a powertrain overhaul for the 2022 model year. With the new powertrain, they deliver even more electric range.

The plug-in hybrid versions of the Volvo XC60 and XC90 SUVs, S60 and S90 sedans, and V60 station wagons (most wear the Recharge badge) get a bigger battery pack, a more powerful rear axle electric motor, and changes to their internal combustion engine. All that, Volvo confirmed on Monday in a press release – read Greencarreports. Volvo is also rolling out a single-pedal driving feature on some models.

That delivers 41 miles of electric range for the S60 Recharge sedan and Polestar Engineered V60 wagon and 35 miles for the other models. While these are still estimates, they represent a significant improvement over the 2021 model. The 2021 Recharge S60, for example, has an electric range of just 22 miles.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Bigger Battery for Consumers 2022

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery in their year of release in 2022.

Volvo also published efficiency estimates of 74 MPGe and 31 mpg for the S60 Recharge and V60 Polestar Engineered. That drops to 63 MPGe and 28 mpg for the XC60 T8 Recharge and XC60 Polestar Engineered. Estimates for the S90 Recharge are 66 MPGe and 29 mpg, while the XC90 Recharge is 3 mpg lower than the S90.

Volvo’s all-wheel-drive “T8” plug-in hybrid powertrain still uses a gasoline engine to drive the front wheels and an electric motor to drive the rear wheels, with the battery located in the center of the ship in a central tunnel. But Volvo added a third layer of battery cells, increasing capacity from the previous 11.6 kWh to 18.8 kWh. And the 2.0-liter inline-4 petrol engine is now turbocharged only, not turbocharged and supercharged, as before.

Additionally, a more powerful rear electric motor produces 143 horsepower—up from the previous 87 hp. That contributes to a total system output of 455 hp and 523 pound-feet of torque for all plug-in hybrid models. Volvo says they are the most powerful street cars ever made.

Starting with the XC60 and S90 plug-in hybrids, the single-pedal drive mode is activated by sliding from “D” to “B.” In the first drive of the European-spec XC60 Recharge 2022, we found that this feature helps contribute to a more electric driving experience.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Engine and battery Volvo hybrid.

Volvo sees plug-in hybrids as a gateway to electric vehicles and is lowering their prices in 2020. The automaker has also tried an innovative program where it reimburses users for plug-ins.

Last year, plug-in hybrids accounted for 20% of Volvo’s sales, as the brand targets. Volvo is now also launching an all-electric model and is filling the rest of the lineup with mild hybrids.

For those who still don’t understand the difference between Hybrid, Plug-in hybrid, and EV, please continue reading.

Difference Between Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Cars

The three technologies offer different efficiency and performance. To get to know more, I will present information about the differences between hybrid cars, plug-in hybrids and electric cars. The goal is for you to be more educated and start considering using this environmentally friendly car.

Read more: Difference Between Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Cars

Hybrid Cars

As the name implies, hybrid technology offers two sources of power in one car. Hybrid technology uses a combination of an electric motor powered by a battery and a conventional engine (petrol or diesel). This type of car can run using only electric motors, conventional engines or a combination of both.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Hybrid car engine.

How it works electric motors and conventional machines can be made alternately or work simultaneously to drive the wheels of the car. However, in hybrids, the battery capacity is relatively small and the power can be recharged automatically when a conventional engine or electric motor works until braking.

Hybrid technology was first applied to the Toyota Prius in 1997. This technology is also the basis for the development of the next technology, namely plug-in hybrid. Hybrid cars available on the market are the Toyota Corolla Cross, Altis Hybrid, Camry Hybrid, and Alphard Hybrid.

Plug-in hybrid technology

Basically, the way plug-in hybrids work is similar to hybrids. The difference lies in the larger battery capacity. So that this technology allows the car to run only by using power from the battery with a long enough range. With a full battery capacity, a plug-in hybrid car can run between 30 to 80 kilometers without having to activate the conventional engine.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Image plug-in hybrid car.

In addition, due to the large capacity of the battery, plug-in hybrid technology also requires the battery to be recharged manually. The trick is to plug it in to a power source that has been provided, such as a charging station or even your home’s electricity, but by using a special converter.

Now, plug-in hybrid cars are a favorite in many countries, including Indonesia. One example is the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Toyota Prius PHEV to the BMW i8. Support for charging stations is also getting more and more spread in various regions in Indonesia.

Electric car

As the name suggests, electric cars only rely on electrical energy supplied from batteries. The battery used is also very diverse incapacity. Not only that, electric cars can use configurations of two or more electric motors. This will greatly affect the performance and range of the distance.

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Full electric car.

Charging time will also be greatly influenced by the capacity of the battery. The larger the battery capacity, the longer it takes to charge. However, some electric car manufacturers also provide it with fast charging technology which makes charging time faster.

Because it takes time to recharge, new driving habits are needed, especially for long distances. So it is very important for potential consumers to choose an electric car that suits their needs. Not only that, when traveling long distances, it requires more mature travel planning and management.

In the market, the availability of electric cars is more and more affordable. You can choose premium brands such as Tesla, Porsche Taycan to Audi e-tron to affordable ones such as Hyundai Kona Electric & Ionic to MINI Cooper SE.

When this type of technology requires a battery. The better and bigger the battery, the greater the range of the vehicle and the more the driver will be able to enjoy the functions of the electric car. Regarding the batteries that are often used in electric cars, here are the types.

Electric Car Battery Type

Currently, the most common or popular type of electric car battery used is lithium-ion (Li-ion). In addition, there are several other types, such as nickel-metal hydride (NiMH), lead-acid, solid-state, nickel-cadmium, and ultracapacitors. What is the difference, here’s an explanation?

Read more: 6 Types of Electric Car Batteries and Their Characteristics

Lithium-ion (Li-ion)

Not only in electric cars, but this type of lithium-ion battery is also widely used in electronic devices such as laptops and cell phones. However, for electric cars, lithium-ion batteries have a much larger physical capacity and size scale to suit their needs.

Lithium-ion has the advantage of high energy efficiency with good performance at high temperatures. In addition to a very high ratio to weight, this type of battery also has a higher energy-to-weight ratio.

It charges faster, lasts longer, and the resulting power density lasts longer in a lighter package. Therefore, the smaller the weight of the battery, the longer the distance an electric car can travel on a single charge. Another plus is that lithium-ion does not contain substances that are harmful to humans.

The self-discharge rate of lithium-ion is lower than other types of batteries, so it is better at retaining its ability to hold a full charge. Regarding environmental friendliness, most of these types of batteries can be recycled. One of the electric cars that use lithium-ion batteries is the All-New Nissan Kicks e-Power.

Nickel-metal Hydride (NiMH)

The nickel-metal hydride type battery has a different power storage material than Li-ion, which uses hydrogen as its energy storage. While nickel and other metals (such as titanium) function to maintain the hydrogen ion cap.

Another difference is that hybrid electric cars (HEVs) more commonly use more nickel-metal hydrides, which do not get power from an external source. Charging a hybrid car battery depends on the engine speed, wheels and regenerative braking of the car. The advantage is that NiMH batteries have a longer lifespan than Li-ion. In addition, recycling these batteries is easier and less toxic to the environment.

Meanwhile, the weakness of nickel-metal hydride batteries is that they are relatively more expensive. It has a high self-discharge rate, and generates significant heat. Therefore, NiMH is less effective for electric cars. We know that electric cars will often charge externally (plug-in). So hybrid electric cars are more suitable to use NiMH batteries.

Lead-Acid

Compared to the existing types of electric car batteries, lead-acid (SLA) is the type of rechargeable battery that has existed the longest. Indeed, these batteries are much heavier and do not have competitive capacities, but they are more affordable and safer than the two types of batteries above.

Many companies are developing large-capacity lead-acid (SLA) batteries today. Of course, the goal is that electric cars can use them well. Meanwhile, for now, commercial vehicles are mostly using lead-acid batteries as a secondary energy storage system.

Solid-State

As the name suggests, solid-state, this type of battery removes the heavy liquid electrolyte used in lithium-ion. Its function is replaced by a solid electrolyte in the form of ceramic glass or other solid materials. The overall structure is also similar to traditional lithium-ion, but much more solid and compact because it is liquid-free, as well as self-discharge and re-energize.

Although it has been around for a long time, solid-state batteries are actually new to the automotive industry. So far, solid-state batteries are mostly used in small electronic devices, such as pacemakers, wearable devices, and RFID. The presence of solid-state batteries used in electric cars is increasingly expected.

Thanks to the solid electrolyte making its footprint smaller than traditional liquids, its use can save capacity. Compared to lithium-ion of the same capacity, solid-state can have between two and ten times more capacity.

Nickel-Cadmium

In the 90s, electric cars used Nickel-cadmium batteries. This type of battery with the code “Ni-Cd” has many advantages over other types of batteries. Starting from its significant storage density and lifespan of around 500 to 1,000 charge cycles. But on the other hand, nickel-cadmium also has significant drawbacks.

It’s very heavyweight and susceptible to memory effects, which is a physical phenomenon in the form of a decrease in battery performance when experiencing a partial “discharge” cycle. Currently, the world automotive organization prohibits the use of nickel-cadmium. This is because the toxicity of cadmium that can come from nickel-cadmium is very dangerous.

Ultracapacitor

The most striking difference from this type of ultracapacitor battery is in the polarized liquid storage between the electrodes and the electrolyte. As the surface area of the liquid increases, the energy storage capacity of the ultracapacitor also increases.

Like SLA batteries, ultracapacitors are very suitable as secondary energy storage devices for electric vehicles. Because of its role in helping electrochemical batteries increase their load levels. And compared to other types of electrochemical batteries, ultracapacitors can provide electric vehicles with extra power for regenerative acceleration and braking.

Obviously, Volvo is considering the price of electric car batteries at the moment. Volvo dares to provide larger electric car batteries in their hybrid cars, one of which is probably due to the decline in the price of electric car batteries, which is decreasing day by day. How much of a drop in the price of electric cars has actually been?

Electric Car Battery Prices Have Dropped 79%

The price of batteries for electric vehicles continues to decline. In 2010 the price of battery packs still reached US$ 1,000 per kilo Watt-hour (kWh). But now it has dropped to US$ 209 per kWh, or down about 79%. The founder of Lentera Bumi Nusantara, Ricky Elson, said that he also started working on electric vehicles with Dahlan Iskan in 2012.

Read more: Electric Car Battery Prices Have Dropped 79%

Volvo Plug-in Hybrid Will Get Bigger Battery
Source: Visual Capitalist

In a webinar yesterday, Wednesday (10/13/2021), he said that based on data from Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF), the price of batteries for electric vehicles is likely to continue to fall below US$ 100 per kWh in the coming years by 2025.

“Right now we are using lithium, it will continue to grow in the future. The point is we want batteries with large capacity, small size, and low prices. When I started the 2012 project the price started to drop at US$ 200 per kWh, still expensive,” he said.

He gave an example, for an electric car battery from Tesla with a power capacity of 90 kWh when multiplied by a price of US$ 200 per kWh, it means that it is already US$ 18,000 or around Rp. 257 million (assuming an exchange rate of Rp. 14,300 per US$) only for the battery.

“US $ 18,000 for batteries alone, we are still far away from talking about the long term,” he continued.

He further said that technology is an important component that we must master in developing electric vehicles, including control technology. He regrets that until now Indonesia does not have companies that excel in the control sector.

“What we are most likely to pursue is electric motor research and development,” he said. According to him, the peak of electric vehicle technology is in Formula E. This electric car engine is 26 kg with 250 horsepower.

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